Application of Nano-silver Materials In The Field of Textile Functional Finishing Antibacterial, Antistatic, Anti-electromagnetic Radiation

The application of nano-silver materials to the field of textile functional finishing and the development of multi-functional, high-value-added fabrics will create huge economic and social benefits in the future textile industry. Nano-silver is a new type of nano-material that is under in-depth research and rapid development. It has broad application prospects in the textile industry due to its broad-spectrum and long-lasting anti-bacterial properties/anti-electromagnetic radiation properties/conductivity and absorption of some ultraviolet rays.

 

Application in natural fiber yarn and fabric

The fabrics made of natural fibers have good moisture absorption and are mostly porous fibers, which can provide enough water for the growth of bacteria. At the same time, the surrounding environment can also provide oxygen for the growth of bacteria and promote the reproduction of bacteria. Nano-silver has broad-spectrum and long-lasting antibacterial properties. At present, the antibacterial application of nano-silver in natural fibers is mainly for yarns and fabrics, and the antibacterial function is mainly obtained through finishing.

 

Nano-silver antibacterial finishing of yarn is generally aimed at cotton yarn or wool. For example, on the basis of puffing and pretreatment of cotton yarn with sodium hydroxide, tannic acid-reduced silver ammonia solution is used to load nano-scale silver particles in the micro gaps of the fiber to make The nano-silver particles and fibers are loaded on the yarn through coordination bonds, so that the silver-loaded cotton yarn has good antibacterial and washing resistance.

 

Under acidic conditions, using nano silver sol and acid dyes to dye wool yarns and antibacterial finishing at the same time, not only can improve the dye uptake, color fastness and flexibility of wool yarns, but also make wool yarns have good antibacterial properties.

 

 

According to reports, some scholars now use the reducibility and stability of the fabric itself to reduce the nano-silver particles in situ on the fabric, so that the fabric has good antibacterial and washing resistance. For example, Ma Tingfang uses the reducibility and dispersibility of cellulose macromolecules to reduce the silver nitrate solution in situ to prepare nano silver antibacterial cotton fabric, which has excellent antibacterial effect and washing resistance. After 20 cycles of washing, the antibacterial fabric will affect the large intestine. The inhibitory rates of Bacillus and Staphylococcus aureus are still as high as 98.5% and 94.3%, respectively. Majid Montazer and others also successfully used the reducibility and stability of cellulose to reduce Torrance reagent (silver ammonia solution) to synthesize nano silver. After the fabric treated with nano silver was washed for 30 times, the antibacterial performance was almost unchanged.

 

In addition, some scholars compound nano-silver with other substances, using inorganic-organic compounding method or inorganic-inorganic compounding method, to prepare compound such as nano-silver/polysaccharide quaternary ammonium salt (HACC), nano-silver/titanium dioxide, etc. Compound, and then padding and finishing the fabric to obtain functional textiles with multiple functions. Wang Haiyun prepared silver-loaded nano-TiO2 antibacterial agent in an inorganic-inorganic compounding method and used it for the finishing of cotton fabrics, so that the cotton fabric obtained the dual antibacterial functions of silver ion elution antibacterial and TiO2 photocatalytic antibacterial, and two kinds of antibacterial The effects promote each other, making the antibacterial effect far better than a single antibacterial agent with the same content.

 

Application in synthetic fibers and fabrics

Three types of synthetic fibers such as nylon, acrylic, and polyester are widely used. At present, the application research of nano-silver in synthetic fibers is mainly aimed at these three types of fibers and fabrics. The manufacturing of synthetic fiber functional fabrics mainly includes two methods: spinning functional fibers and finishing, specifically including blending spinning method, dipping (rolling) method and magnetron sputtering method. The direct-spun functional fiber has a long-lasting effect, but the technology is complex and the cost is high; the finishing agent is simple and convenient to use, and is suitable for most fiber textiles. The cost is low, but the washing resistance is relatively low.

 

(1) Blending spinning method

The blending spinning method is to add nano silver particles in the fiber manufacturing process to blend and spin the fiber to make the final fabric have corresponding functions. The blending spinning process has no pollution to the environment and is widely used. Zhang Hua uses ultra-fine hemp rod core powder to prepare nano silver particles and spun them into antibacterial multifunctional nylon. When the powder content is 2%, nylon fiber not only has excellent antibacterial properties, high strength, and good elasticity. , It also has the ability of far-infrared emission and negative oxygen ion release, and the spinnability also meets the requirements.

 

The antibacterial polyester masterbatch is prepared by blending the silver-loaded nano-zinc oxide antibacterial agent treated with T-aminopropyl triethoxysilane and polyester, which is added to the polyester skin layer, and the core-type antibacterial polyester is produced by spinning. This fiber has excellent antibacterial properties, and the sterilization rate of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus is above 99%.

 

(2) Dipping (rolling) method

Although the blending spinning method is environmentally friendly, it is difficult to prepare a spinnable spinning solution. In contrast, the dipping (rolling) process is relatively simple. Yu Qiaozhen treated the nano-silver particles to polyester fabrics by dipping, and studied its effect on the antistatic properties of the fabrics, and found that nano-silver treatment can effectively improve the antistatic capabilities of polyester fabrics; and different treatment methods have endless effects on the fabrics. Similarly, for example, the effect of the one-bath method in which nano-silver particle treatment and dyeing are performed at the same time is significantly better than the two-step method in which dyeing is followed by finishing.

 

Some researchers have explored a new type of finishing method that allows nano-silver particles to be bonded to the surface of the fiber through chemical bonding, so that the bond between nano-silver and the fiber is stronger. For example, the researchers amidoxim part of the acrylic fiber to make the fiber surface with chelating groups, which can be complexed with silver ions, and then use formaldehyde solution to reduce the silver ions to obtain nano-silver composite acrylic fiber. The killing rate of Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis exceeds 99.99%, the antibacterial performance is good, and the original physical properties of the fiber have no obvious changes.

 

(3) Magnetron sputtering method

In order to avoid the waste liquid disposal problem of the dipping (rolling) method, some researchers used the radio frequency magnetron sputtering method to sputter nano-silver film on the surface of the fabric. The magnetron sputtering method is to charge a proper amount of argon in a high vacuum, and apply a DC voltage between the cathode (columnar target or flat target) and the anode (the wall of the coating chamber) to ionize the argon gas, and the argon ions are accelerated and bombarded by the cathode On the surface of the cathode target, the atoms on the surface of the target are sputtered and deposited on the surface of the substrate to form a thin film. This method has the advantages of strong bonding force between the coating layer and the substrate, and the coating layer is dense and uniform.

 

Application in industrial textiles

The application objects of nano-silver in industrial textiles are mainly non-woven fabrics, laminated composite fabrics and composite materials.

 

(1) Application in non-woven fabrics

The use of nano-silver to finish the non-woven fabric can obtain antibacterial properties and anti-electromagnetic radiation properties, which can be widely used in medical, sanitation, automotive interiors, electromagnetic shielding materials and other fields. Similar to synthetic fibers, the nano-silver finishing methods of non-woven fabrics also include blending spinning method, dipping (rolling) method and magnetron sputtering method, the principle of which is the same as described above. Hong Jianhan uses magnetron sputtering at room temperature to deposit nano-silver films on the surface of polyester spunbonded nonwovens to make the fabrics resistant to electromagnetic radiation. As the thickness of the nano-silver films increases, the shielding effect of electromagnetic waves is enhanced. This method expands the application field of nonwoven fabrics, and can be used to develop antistatic materials, conductive materials, electromagnetic shielding materials and fiber sensors.

 

The nano silver antibacterial agent is highly uniformly dispersed and implanted in the spinning solution to blend and spin, so that the fabric can obtain higher stability, antibacterial performance and washing resistance, and then obtain nano silver antibacterial spunlace nonwoven rolls and nano silver Antibacterial needle punched non-woven fabric rolls.

 

Its most extensive application field is the production of medical and sanitary products, such as nano-silver antibacterial masks, antibacterial wipes, medical bed sheets, medical wipes, etc. The latter’s market applications are also very broad, such as automobile compartment/indoor air conditioning antibacterial filter media, clothing linings, etc. , Antibacterial insoles, shoe materials, etc.

 

Application in laminated composite fabric

Laminated composite fabrics are ideal materials for civilian sportswear, cold-proof clothing, field work clothes, military combat uniforms, labor protective clothing and other products. The nano-silver finishing of composite laminated fabrics is mainly achieved by dipping or blending spinning. Researchers at Zhejiang Sci-Tech University used a cross-shaped cross-section polyester fiber material containing nano silver particles as an antibacterial modifier as the outer layer of the fabric, and combed cotton yarn with better moisture absorption as the inner layer of the fabric, using the changes in the fabric structure , Combined with advanced finishing technology, the fabric has multiple functions such as moisture absorption, perspiration, and antibacterial.

 

(3) Application in composite materials

 

The silver/polymer nanocomposite material not only has the excellent characteristics of nano silver and polymer, but also gives the material some new functions, so that it has broad application prospects in many fields such as textiles, electronics, and biomedicine.

 

Conclusion

As a new type of material, nano-silver is used in many fields, especially the textile industry is closely related to people’s lives, which has aroused the interest of many researchers. At present, the application of nano-silver in the textile industry is mainly to obtain antibacterial, antistatic, and anti-electromagnetic radiation functions. As people’s requirements for textile products increase, nano-silver will be increasingly used in functional fabrics, and its application prospects in the textile industry will become broader.

Semiconductor materials of three generations

Semiconductor materials are a class of electronic materials that have semiconductor properties and the conductivity at room temperature is between conductive materials and insulating materials, they can be used to make semiconductor devices and integrated circuits.

 

Common semiconductor material characteristics:

Conductivity between conductors and insulators

When stimulated by external light and heat, its electrical conductivity will change significantly.

In a pure semiconductor, adding a small amount of impurities will sharply enhance its conductivity.

 

First Generation Semiconductor Materials:

Silicon (Si) and Germanium (Ge). Mainly used in various discrete devices, integrated circuits, new energy and chip manufacturing.

 

Second-generation semiconductor materials:

Mainly refers to compound semiconductor materials, such as gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium antimonide (InSb); ternary compound semiconductors, such as GaAsAl, GaAsP; and some solid solution semiconductors, such as Ge-Si, GaAs-GaP; glass semiconductors ( Also known as amorphous semiconductors), such as amorphous silicon, glassy oxide semiconductors; organic semiconductors, such as phthalocyanine, copper phthalocyanine, polyacrylonitrile, etc. It is mainly used to make high-speed, high-frequency, high-power and light-emitting electronic devices, and is an excellent material for making high-performance microwave, millimeter-wave devices and light-emitting devices. Due to the rise of the information superhighway and the Internet, it is also widely used in satellite communications, mobile communications, optical communications and GPS navigation.

 

Third-generation semiconductor materials:

Wide bandgap (Eg>2.3eV) semiconductor materials mainly represented by silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN), zinc oxide (ZnO), diamond, and aluminum nitride (AlN). The main applications are semiconductor lighting, power devices, microwave devices, lasers and detectors.

 

Components and integrated circuits made of semiconductor materials are important basic products of the electronics industry and have been widely used in various aspects of electronic technology. The production and scientific research of semiconductor materials, devices and integrated circuits have become an important part of the electronics industry. In terms of new product development and new technology development, the application areas are mainly Integrated Circuits, Microwave Devices and Optoelectronic Devices.

Nanographene is Getting Smarter in Agriculture Application

In the era of rapid development of Internet technology, the future direction of agriculture has become the focus of social attention. Using information technology to change future agricultural production scenarios, let agricultural production develop in the direction of intelligence and spatial three-dimensionality, thereby promoting a new round of agricultural science and technology revolution, promoting the transformation of agricultural production methods and the efficient use of resources.

The intelligent application of graphene in agriculture is mainly reflected in the following three aspects:

Application in greenhouse.

As a new heating method, nano-graphene heating is not only used in home life, but also has a wide range of applications in agriculture and rural areas, covering vegetable greenhouses, flower cultivation, agriculture and forestry nursery, soil insulation, chick hatching, special aquaculture and other industries. Greenhouse is the most popular production method in my country’s facility agriculture, which not only greatly improves the productivity of the land, but also solves the problem of off-season production. But the biggest trouble is that most of the greenhouse heat sources use hot blast stoves, heating stoves or electric heating wires. Not only high energy consumption, large pollution, but also poor stability and high cost. The graphene electrothermal film system has a high electrothermal conversion rate, which generally saves 30-50% of energy and will not cause pollution. After the graphene electrothermal film is covered with soil, far-infrared direct warming can significantly promote the development of seedlings and effectively enhance photosynthesis.

Smart farmland system

The farmland is covered with sensors to collect surrounding environmental parameters such as air temperature and humidity, soil temperature and humidity. If the land is short of water, the system will automatically give an early warning, and the manager can water it with one button on the mobile phone, which can be operated anytime, anywhere. It is no longer a fantasy that agricultural production becomes intelligent. Therefore, the smart farmland system not only makes agricultural production management more intelligent, but also makes the utilization of farmland resources more reasonable.

The main component of the smart farmland system is the sensor. Sensor technology is used worldwide for detecting and monitoring process parameters. Graphene sensors also work in the same way, it’s just a factor of the nanomaterials used in their fabrication. Sensors are a very important application field of graphene. Graphene sensors can convert environmental parameters into electrical signals processed and measured by computers. This feature meets the management needs of smart farmland. There are many advantages when people apply graphene sensors in smart farmland. Therefore, graphene sensors are the way to open the transformation and upgrading of smart agriculture. Graphene is known as the “king of new materials” because of its excellent properties, such as superconductivity, good flexibility, good transparency, and excellent mechanical properties. It is widely used in all walks of life.

Raising seedlings and adsorbing pollutants

Based on domestic and foreign research, appropriate addition of nano graphene powder to soil is beneficial to seed germination and seedling growth, and is beneficial to improve crop yield and quality. The addition of graphene nanomaterials to fertilizers can increase the clay content of the soil and improve the soil texture, and the nanocarbon has a large specific surface area, which can improve the adsorption force of the soil on nutrient elements, thereby effectively controlling the above-ground nutrient volatilization, surface runoff and Loss of deep seepage. At the same time, nano-carbon can improve the electrochemical properties of soil and promote the absorption of nutrients by the root system, thereby improving the utilization rate of fertilizers, reducing agricultural non-point source pollution, and ultimately saving fertilizers and increasing efficiency.

Graphene nanomaterials also play an excellent role in the adsorption and purification of agricultural pollutants, especially for pesticide and heavy metal pollution in water.

 

Graphene-hexagonal Boron Nitride Heterostructure Enables Ultra-fast Heat Transfer

Nano heat flow plays an important role in modern electronic and optoelectronic applications such as thermal management, photodetection, thermoelectricity, and data communication. Two-dimensional layered materials are beginning to consolidate their fundamental position in many applications. The van der Waals heterostructure is composed of different layered two-dimensional materials stacked. These stacks can be composed of materials with different physical properties, and the interface between the materials is super clean and has a clear outline.

 

Supported by the European Union’s “Graphene Flagship” program, the Spanish Institute of Photonics prepared a van der Waals heterostructure composed of hexagonal boron nitride encapsulated  gaphene nano powders, a two-dimensional dielectric material, and successfully observed and tracked the heat generated between the van der Waals heterostructures in real time. transmission. The researchers discovered a surprising phenomenon: the heat flow does not stay in the graphene layer, but flows to the surrounding hexagonal boron nitride layer. The heat transfer time is very fast, on the order of picoseconds. The research results were published in “Nature · Nanotechnology”.

 

The heat transfer process is realized by coupling the hot electrons excited by light irradiating graphene with the hyperbolic phonon-polarization excimer in the hexagonal boron nitride sheet. These phonon polaritons propagate in the hexagonal boron nitride sheet, just like light propagates in an optical fiber, but are limited to nano-scale infrared light. The results show that these bizarre hyperbolic modes are very effective heat dissipation methods.

 

The research results will have a profound impact on the application of graphene based on hexagonal boron nitride packaging (also the next-generation graphene application platform). In particular, this technology will provide direction for optoelectronic device design to make full use of heat flow, get more Carbon Material Nanopowders from https://www.hwnanomaterial.com quickly!.

 

Two common materials for ceramic toughening (silicon carbide whiskers and nano zirconia)

As new materials in the technological revolution, ceramic materials have attracted the attention of some developed countries as early as ten years ago. The fatal shortcomings of ceramic materials are its brittleness, low reliability and low repeatability, which seriously affect the application range of ceramic materials. Only by improving the fracture toughness of ceramics and providing its reliability and service life can ceramic materials truly become a new type of widely used material. Therefore, ceramic strengthening and toughening technology has always been a hot topic of discussion in the market.

Two commonly used ceramic toughening methods and materials include:

1) Beta Silicon Carbide Whisker(SiC-W) and Particle(SiC) Toughening

Silicon carbide(SiC) whiskers are added to the ceramic materials to improve the brittleness, enhance the toughness and strength of them, so that the ceramic matrix composite material can significantly improve the impact toughness and shock resistance, and reduce the brittleness of the ceramic material. At the same time, the ceramic has protective fibers. So that it will not be oxidized at high temperature, has high temperature strength and elastic modulus.

Ceramic silicon carbide whiskers are small ceramic single crystals with a certain aspect ratio and few defects, so they have high strength and are ideal toughening reinforcements for ceramic matrix composites. The macroscopic morphology of ceramic silicon carbide whiskers is flocculent powder. When preparing composite materials, the whiskers can be directly dispersed and then mixed with the matrix powder uniformly. The mixed powders are also hot-pressed and sintered to obtain dense whisker-toughened ceramic matrix composites.

2) Phase transformation toughening of ZrO2 Zirconia Nanopowder
The phase transformation toughening effect is remarkable, and it is mainly used in zirconia ceramics. Yttrium nano-zirconia(YSZ), phase-transformation toughened ZrO2 feldspar ceramics is a promising new type of structural ceramics. It mainly uses ZrO2 phase-transformation properties to improve the fracture toughness and flexural strength of ceramic materials, so that they have excellent mechanical properties, low high thermal conductivity and good thermal shock resistance. It can also be used to significantly improve the toughness and strength of brittle materials, and is an important toughening agent in composite materials and composite ceramics.

The outstanding properties of ZrO2 ceramics make it one of the most widely used oxide ceramics. Toughened ceramics based on ZrO2 materials have broad application prospects in machinery, electronics, petroleum, chemical industry, aerospace, textile, precision measuring instruments, precision machine tools, bioengineering and medical equipment and other industries. Because the partially stabilized zirconia has low thermal conductivity, good strength and toughness, low elastic modulus, thermal shock resistance and high working temperature (1100 ℃), it is used to manufacture diesel engine parts and internal combustion engine parts. It has the advantages of small size, light weight and high thermal efficiency, and is an effective energy-saving engine. The application of ZrO2 toughened ceramics in internal combustion engines is successful.

If you’re interested in further info or in need of SiC whisker, SiC particles, ZrO2 nanopowders, pls feel free to contact us now!

3 Types Of Nano Materials Used In Absorbing Materials

The so-called absorbing materials refer to a class of materials that can absorb or greatly weaken the electromagnetic wave energy received by its surface, thereby reducing the interference of electromagnetic waves.

In engineering applications, they require the absorbing material to have a high absorption rate of electromagnetic waves in a wide frequency band, they also require to have light weight, temperature resistance, moisture resistance, corrosion resistance and other properties.

Three commonly used nano materials for absorbing materials are as follows:
1. Carbon series nano materials: nano graphene, carbon nanotubes, etc.

Carbon nanotubes(CNTs) show excellent absorbing properties, and at the same time have the characteristics of light weight, good compatibility, and wide absorbing frequency band. They are the most potential absorbing materials of the new generation.

2. Iron series nanomaterials: nano iron(Fe) powder, nano iron oxide, etc.
Nano metals and alloys are mainly used as wave absorbers in a multi-phase composite way, mostly Fe, Co, Ni and other nano metals and alloy powders, and their wave-absorbing properties are better than single-phase nano metal powders.

3. Ceramic series nanomaterials. Such as silicon carbide whiskers, nano silicon carbide particles, nano silicon nitride, and so on.
Silicon carbide(SiC) has been studied a lot as an absorbent. Silicon carbide not only has certain wave absorbing properties, but also can weaken the infrared signal of the engine, and has the advantages of high temperature resistance, low relative density, good toughness, high strength and high resistivity. SiC is one of the rapidly developing absorbents abroad. The absorption band of nano silicon carbide is wider, and it has a good absorption effect on the millimeter and centimeter bands.

In the increasingly important stealth and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) technology, the role and status of electromagnetic wave absorbing materials are very prominent. So far, nano-wave absorbing materials mainly work in two aspects: civil and military.

In civilian use, nano-wave absorbing materials are mainly used in human body protection. Due to the application of high-power radar, communication machine, microwave heating and other equipment, preventing electromagnetic radiation or leakage and protecting the health of operators is a new and complex topic, and absorbing materials can achieve this purpose. In addition, today’s household appliances generally have electromagnetic radiation problems, which can also be effectively suppressed by rational use of absorbing materials and their components. .

In the military, it is mainly used in radar shadow technology. Coating absorbing materials on various weapons equipment and military facilities such as aircraft, missiles, tanks, ships, warehouses, etc. can absorb reconnaissance radio waves and attenuate reflected signals, thereby breaking through the defense area of enemy radar. This is a kind of anti-radar reconnaissance, a powerful means of reducing the exposure of weapon systems to infrared-guided missiles and laser weapons.

Nano absorbing materials have the characteristics of light weight, wide frequency bandwidth and good performance, and have a wide range of applications. In the case of the same material, nano size materials are obviously better and can meet the requirements of the development of the times for absorbing materials. It is foreseeable that nano absorbing materials will play a huge role in thermal insulation and energy saving, environmental protection, human protection, and military stealth technology in the future.

Nano Silver Powder For Antibacterial Fiber and Fabric phoebe

Fiber can adsorb many microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, etc. Most of these microorganisms will multiply very quickly at a suitable temperature, and cause various harm to humans. That is, the normal flora is a conditional pathogenic flora. When the body’s resistance decreases, the harmless normal flora may be transformed into a harmful pathogenic flora. Therefore, adding antibacterial agents to fibers has become a demand for people to pursue a high-quality life. The silver-loaded antibacterial polyester fiber and its textiles have good antibacterial properties against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, MRSA, etc. The antibacterial textile produced by the antibacterial fiber is an effective external barrier lower than that of pathogenic microorganisms invading the human body.

The preparation methods of nano-silver antibacterial textiles mainly include fiber modification method and fabric finishing method. The fiber modification method first adds a suitable antibacterial filler to the fiber-forming polymer, and then performs wet or melt spinning, and then processes it into an antibacterial fabric; the finishing of the fabric is by coating or impregnating an antibacterial agent on the surface of the fabric The way to form an antibacterial layer on the surface of the textile material. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, and corresponding processing methods can be used in production according to different needs. At present, the production of antibacterial textiles is mainly based on fiber modification. In this method, the ultrafine nano silver powder of  antibacterial agent is used as an additive for spinning. At this time, the antibacterial agent enters the inside of the fiber, so the washing resistance is good and the antibacterial effect lasts for a long time. Experiments show that spherical nano-silver has a good antibacterial effect. The smaller the size of nano-silver particles, the antibacterial ability of the fabric will be improved. The antibacterial performance of nano silver antibacterial fiber remains unchanged after 50 standard washings. During the processing, the added antibacterial agent must have good compatibility and dispersibility with the fiber body. At the same time, the antibacterial agent particles are small and the particle size distribution range is narrow, which cannot affect the spinning; the addition of additives cannot affect the physical properties of the fiber. Performance, including fiber strength and elongation.

According to the antibacterial performance testing standards established by our country, the colony counting method is usually used for antibacterial testing of textiles. This is a quantitative antibacterial testing method. It can not only observe whether the textiles have antibacterial performance, but also obtain specific antibacterial rate values. At present, the antibacterial performance evaluation methods commonly used in the world include: minimum inhibitory concentration (dilute inorganic antibacterial agents into different concentrations for colonies to quantitatively determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of antibacterial agents against bacteria), minimum sterilization concentration (to determine The lowest concentration method to kill bacteria in a certain period of time), agar diffusion method (a qualitative or preliminary method to determine the antibacterial effect of antibacterial agents) and immersion culture method (a quantitative test of the antibacterial effect of antibacterial textiles) ).

Hongwu produces and supplies nano-silver particles and nano-silver dispersions, which can be customized according to customer requirements. Hongwu Nano has always adhered to market-oriented and technology-driven, and it is its responsibility to meet the reasonable demands of customers. Focus on the industry, deep cultivation and meticulous cultivation. Welcome to cooperate. https://www.hwnanomaterial.com.

The Application of Nano Diamond Powder in Sterilization phoebe

At present, the application fields of nano-diamond power are mainly in aerospace manufacturing, precision machinery, optical instruments, automobile manufacturing and other industries. Specifically:

1. The most ideal polishing agent, can obtain atomic-level polished surface. Especially used for the finishing and polishing of various hard materials such as fine ceramics, integrated circuit chips, various gems, ferrite heads, quartz plates, super-hard alloys, optical lenses, etc.;
2. High hardness and high wear resistance plating and non-plating layer;
3. Metal composite material with high hardness and high wear resistance;
4. Low friction, low wear, high load, long life lubrication system (such as lubrication of various cylinders) and super lubricating oil.
5. PTFE-based composite material with high wear resistance and good lubricity;
6. It is an irreplaceable material for the production of polycrystalline diamond and diamond film.

However, a recent report from the University of Bremen in Germany reported that an international team of researchers from the school found that nanodiamonds can kill bacteria as effectively as metallic silver and copper. Nanodiamonds have a diameter of about 5 nanometers (1 nanometer is equal to 1 billionth of a meter), which is about one-two percent of bacteria, and can be produced by exploding carbon-containing compounds in a high-pressure container. After this gray-brown diamond powder undergoes different heat treatments, different chemical groups will be formed on the surface. Researchers have discovered that some nanodiamonds have strong bactericidal properties and can kill bacteria in a short time. A specific oxygen-containing group called acid anhydride on the surface of nanodiamonds seems to be the reason for their bactericidal properties. The researchers said that experiments have shown that nano diamond particles with bactericidal properties may be used to produce surface coatings, bactericides, and so on.

The research results were published in the professional journal “ACS Nano”. Researcher Yulia Waring believes that when many bacteria are resistant to antibiotics, the discovery of a new type of antibacterial material can be described as a “breakthrough”, which is expected to spawn a new diamond application market, Hongwu Nano Getting involved in the production of nanodiamonds is also looking forward to the wide application of nanodiamonds in antibacterial aspects.

Hongwu nano diamond ash powder can produce particles with a diameter of <10nm with a purity of more than 99%. If you need more product information, please feel free to contact us.

Nano tin bismuth(Sn-Bi) alloy —fusible alloy/low melting point alloy/environmentally friendly alloy

Nano tin bismuth alloy is a low-melting-point and environment-friendly alloy. Low-melting-point alloy refers to a fusible alloy with a melting point lower than 232°C (the melting point of Sn), usually composed of low-melting-point metal elements such as Bi, Sn, Pb, and Cd.

 

Fusible alloys have good fluidity after heating and melting, so this type of low melting point metal is also widely used in casting methods. The superiority is obvious. In addition, low melting point metals are also widely used in medicine to make blocks for radiotherapy. Blocks made of fusible alloys can effectively block normal human tissue during radiotherapy. The method of making blocks with low melting point metal nanoparticles alloys effectively improves the accuracy and safety of radiation therapy.

 

Low melting point alloys are often widely used as solders, as well as heat-sensitive components such as fusible cutouts and fuses in electrical appliances, steam, fire protection, fire alarms and other devices.

Specific application areas of low melting point alloys:

1) In medical treatment, it is mainly used to make special-shaped radiation protection blocks.

2) It can be conveniently used for casting molds, producing special products for molds and casting.

3) For electronic and electrical automatic control, as thermal element, insurance material, fire alarm device, etc.

4) As a filler when bending metal pipes.

5) When making metallographic samples, it is used as a mosaic agent.

What is the catalytic activity of gold nanoparticles as catalysts?

Regarding the catalytic properties of gold, the first ionization ability of gold is very large, and it is difficult to lose electrons, so the interaction force between gold and surface molecules is usually very weak. At temperatures below 200 °C, even highly reactive molecules, such as hydrogen and oxygen, are not easily adsorbed on the surface of single crystal gold. Since the adsorption of molecules on the catalyst surface is a prerequisite for the catalytic reaction, it can be considered that elemental gold does not have good activity for hydrogenation and oxidation reactions. Gold does not have very good catalytic activity. In fact, the prerequisite for the catalytic activity of gold catalysts is to prepare highly dispersed nano scale gold particles.

The characteristics of nano-gold catalysts: low temperature activity, good selectivity, and environmental friendliness.

An obvious feature of gold nanoparticles as catalysts is low temperature activity.

When the nano-gold catalyst catalyzes some reactions, it can be at room temperature or even below 0 °C, and the real good catalytic activity, such as catalytic CO oxidation and O3 decomposition, can be carried out at room temperature. In fact, the activity of gold catalysts for most reactions occurs below 230 °C. However, the activity of gold catalysts above 230 °C is significantly lower than that of other precious metal catalysts.

Nano gold particle catalysts have good selectivity when catalyzing certain reactions, and their catalytic properties are usually different from other noble metal catalysts.

For example, in the hydrogenation of CO2 catalyzed by Au/Zno catalyst, although its catalytic activity to methanol is slightly lower than that of commercial Cu/ZnO-Al2O3 catalyst, its selectivity is higher.

The nanogold powdercatalyst is environmentally friendly. Nano-gold catalysts can purify some polluted gases in the environment under normal temperature and humidity conditions without consuming too much thermal energy.

In terms of hydrogen energy generation, the catalyst can provide some new green synthesis methods and processing processes.